According to Opride, International human rights advocacy group Amnesty International are the latest to condemn the Ethiopian government’s rounding up of 3000 people over the past ten days. In the aftermath of violence in and around Addis Ababa and the suburb of Burayu, police launched a crackdown it says was to collect the perpetrators and also curb the general unrest. Residents of the Ethiopian capital claim that most of the detainees weren’t criminals and Amnesty International has echoed calls for their immediate releases.
“The majority of people were arrested for perceived offenses which are not recognized criminal offenses under international law, such as smoking shisha or consuming khat,” said Joan Nyanyuki, Amnesty’s Director for the Horn of Africa region. “They must be either charged with a recognizable criminal offense or released. Those arrested for taking part in protests on the recent ethnic clashes must all be released immediately and unconditionally.”
The arrests come on the heels of some of the worst violence to plague the capital city and its environs in recent history. Starting from September 14th, ethnically charged attacks in Burayu targeting the area’s ethnic Gamo, Gurage and other communities hailing from Southern Ethiopia left at least 23 people dead. Organized mobs beat innocent people to death, looted homes and at least one incident of rape was reported. Similarly, violence across Addis Ababa left 28 people dead, with a number of the victims targeted for their wearing Oromo attire or symbols of the Oromo Liberation Front. A large number of Oromos had converged on the capital city to attend the ceremonial welcome for a contingent of OLF (Oromo Liberation Front) fighters who returned home from Eritrea accepting a call to give up the armed struggle for the peaceful political one.
In the aftermath of this bout of horrific violence, mourning families of victims and outraged citizens called for the perpetrators to be arrested. However, it appears that a fair number of those picked up by police in the week or so following the chaos were selected largely for their affiliation to political opposition party Ginbot 7. Others arrests appear to have been random, with police reported having dragged people out of shisha bars to police stations. Many have since been released.
Local media outlet Addis Standard spoke to one arrestee a day after his release. Fikremariam Abera, a mechanic says he was held for two days with 43 other inmates at a police compound near the Gandhi Hospital.
“I was heading home after a long day at work when I was picked up by a federal police pickup car which was carrying 12 others,” the visibly distressed Fikremariam told Addis Standard. “We were kept for the first night without explanations. The next day two police officers started to ask us questions on whether or not we participated in planning a second demonstration on Wednesday.”